Crown Jewels of Iran are gathered by former Persian kings in the national jewelry museum which is positioned in the center of Tehran City on the Central Bank of Iran it has one of the finest and most extensive collections of jewelry in Iran even in the world which including Iranian jewels from Safavid (صفویه– Sa-fa-vi-ye), Afsharid (افشاریه- Af-shaa-ri-ye), Qajar (قاجاریه– Gha-jaa-ri-ye) and Pahlavi (پهلوی– Pah-la-vi) dynasties.
Here are the stories and specifications of three Iranian jewels that you should know about and they are the most prominent Crown Jewels of Iran in the world.
The name of the first one is Daria-i-Noor (دریای نور– it means Sea of Light in the Persian language) which is the largest pink diamond ever discovered and it’s one of the oldest pink diamonds in the world.
It has a twin which is called Koh-e-Nour (کوه نور- it means Mountain of Light in the Persian language). The dates back to the 17th century and it has an exceptional size as well as a particular quality among Crown Jewels of Iran.
They are the most well-known diamonds in the world and they belong to the Iranian jewels treasury but only Daria-i-noor is available in the National Jewelry Museum and Koh-e-Nour is kept by the London government.
Iran Tourism would like to describe more about the Daria-i-Noor diamond which is part of the Crown Jewels of Iran and it had also mysteries and long stories before it was given to this collection. The Darya-i-Nur comes with a rich and ancient Iranian royal heritage.
Everything About the Owners of Daria-i-Noor Diamond
Both Daria-i-Noor and Koh-i-Noor as fantastic diamonds were brought by Nader Shah Afshar (نادر شاه افشار- Nader is the first Afsharid king) in 1739 from India and he gave current names to diamonds.
When Nader Shah Afshar (نادر شاه افشار- Na-der shah Af-shaar) defeated the Indian king in the attack on Delhi, the Indian king had to give up all of his valuable stones and Nader Shah brought the treasury of jewelry including the Daria-i-noor and the Koh-i-Noor with himself from there to Iran.
After that, Shahrokh Mirza (شاهرخ میرزا- Shah-rokh-mir-za) the Grandson of Nader Shah took the diamonds after Nader’s death. Afterward, Lotfali Khan Zand (لطفعلی خان زند- Lot-fa-li-khan-e-zand), a king of Zandiye (زند- zan-di-ye) Dynasty, had the Darya-i-Nur in his collection.
When Agha Mohammad Khan (آقا محد خان قاجار- A-gha- mo-ham-mad- khan), the founder of the Qajar dynasty, was victorious over the Zand’s last king, the diamond was acquired by the Qajar dynasty.
Thenceforth, Fathali Shah Qajar (فتحعلی شاه قاجار– Fat-ha-li-shah-Gha-jar) inscribed his name on one of the faces of a diamond. After that, Reza Shah the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty used the Daria-i-Noor on his crown for his coronation in 1926. Finally, it was also worn by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi for a similar ceremony in 1967.
Iran Travel Guide Center described the fact that some people in the East India Company eventually gained the Darya-i-Nur and displayed it at London’s Crystal Palace Exhibition in 1851. However, during unexplained events, and now officially at the Central Bank of Iran, the Crown Jewels of Iran are kept. Consequently, the diamond has stayed after the Iranian revolution since 1979 on the Central Bank of Iran.
Daria-i-Noor Specifications as One of the Famous Iranian Jewels
The dimensions of the Darya-i-Nur are about 7.2 centimeters high and 5.3 centimeters wide. Edwin William Streeter (he described himself as a ‘Diamond merchant, Goldsmith, Jeweler, Watchmaker’) commented on the marvelous appearance of the Daria-i-noor in his book “The Great Diamonds of the World,” published in 1882.
Edwin William Streeter also confirms that the weight of the diamond is exactly 186 carats in his book. This stone appears to be completely pure and has exceptional clarity which refers to excellence. Some people believe that it came from a Golconda Mine (placed in Southern India).
These diamonds contain either immeasurable quantities of nitrogen or none at all and these specifications make this diamond unique. The diamond is unique due to its light-colored pink and currently, it is a part of the Iranian crown jewels.
Some Canadian scientists had a research base on the Crown Jewels of Iran in 1965 and they found that this diamond belongs to a large pink diamond as the Great Table Diamond in India.
Noor-ol-Ein is One of the Famous Iranian Jewels
Some people believed that Daria-i-Noor was cut into two parts and the largest diamond became the Daria-i-Noor and the other part with 60 carats weight was called the Noor-ol-Ein.
Noor-OL-Ein was placed on Farah’s crown as the last queen of the Pahlavi era in 1960 by Harry Winston who was a famous American jeweler and had a king of diamonds title.
Taj-e-Mah is One of the famous Iranian Jewels
Furthermore, the Taj-e-Mah is another splendid diamond and is one of the Crown Jewels of Iran in the National Jewelry Museum.
Both Daria-i-Noor and Noor-ol-Ein have the same origin and also had been cut from the same diamond as the Great Table Diamond but the Taj-e-Mah (it means Crown of the Moon in the Persian language) has a different origin.
It is also considered an attractive diamond and the largest unseated Indian diamond in the collection. According to Edwin William Streeter’s data, the diamond weighs 146 carats.
The attendance of the Taj-e-mah among the Iranian jewels in the National Jewelry Museum has been known for a long time. John Malcolm a British diplomat went to Iran in the 19th century and he was allowed by Fath Ali Shah to visit this diamond.
Golden Globe is One of the Crown Jewels of Iran
There is also another precious golden globe which was covered by 3656 Grams of available jewelry and the weight of the golden globe without jewelry is about 34 kg and is covered with over 51000 gems.
This gem was made by Naser-e-din Shah (ناصر الدین شاه- Naa-se-re-din Shah) Iranian jewelers. All seas and oceans show with emeralds and also all lands are covered by rubies and the equator is covered by diamonds. The biggest ruby in the globe is about 75 carats. The largest emerald is about 175 carats and the biggest diamond is about 15 carats. Total height is 110 cm and with a diameter of 45 cm.
Another Crown Jewels of Iran
- The Naderi Throne: A magnificent throne adorned with gems, pearls, and emeralds, named after the Iranian ruler Nader Shah.
- The Pahlavi Crown: A symbol of the Pahlavi dynasty, this crown is encrusted with precious stones and pearls.
- Jeweled Sword of Fath Ali Shah: A ceremonial sword adorned with numerous gemstones, reflecting the opulence of the Qajar era.
- The Royal Collar: A regal collar featuring rows of pearls, diamonds, and other precious gems.
Empress Farah’s Coronation Crown: A more contemporary addition to the collection, crafted for Empress Farah Pahlavi’s coronation in 1967.