The 8th greatest Province in Iran is nicknamed Windcatchers’ City and is surrounded by beautiful desert lands. The elements that distinguish Yazd City worldwide are ice houses, Zoroastrian temples, woven clothes, traditional water containers, and tasty candies and cookies. The city of underground water channels and bicycles, homes celebrated attractions, including the Tower of Silence, Jame Mosque of Yazd, Abarkooh Ice House, Yazd Water Museum, and Dowlatabad Garden, among others.
Each year, an uncountable number of tourists join Yazd, distinguished due to its exceptional architecture. Iran Tourism invites you to jump into the city of silk weaving and beautiful handicrafts, keep reading, and enjoy exploring Iran in a new way.
What Is a Fire Temple?
Atashkadeh, or fire temple, is a place for gathering Zoroastrian disciples. Indeed, in this religion, the soul is purified by water and fire; hence, the construction of fire temples was prevalent in the past. Our universe is home to over 150 beautiful fire temples, and Iran has become the birthplace of one called the Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd. Zoroastrian followers believed the fire was borrowed from Ahura Mazda and endeavored to keep it burning.
Iran Travel Guide Centre stands by your side and guides you to Yazd to see the 1500-year-old fire burning in Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd.
Where is the Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd?
Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd is the most visited Zoroastrian fire temple on the shoulder of Yazd in Kashani Avenue. Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd is also called The House of Yazd Zoroastrian and occupies an area of approximately 6881 square meters. It is considered a sacred place for worshipping Ahura Mazda and reading Avesta, the religious book of Zoroastrianism.
The temple protects and preserves the Fire of Victory or Atash Bahram, ancient Iran’s most respected fire dating back to 470 AD. The Yazd Varaham Fire Temple is situated on the east side of Yazd, and a 6 km drive from Yazd Airport takes you to visit this glorious temple.
Jamshid Amanat (Iranian Architect) supervised the making of the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yard. The temple was constructed in 1934, and the Persian Zoroastrian disciples living in India provided the expenses for building the temple. The architects employed the elements of Achaemenid structures to design the temple and strengthen its bounds with Iran’s ancient religion; finally, the project was completed successfully, and Atash Bahram was moved to its present location.
Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd was added to the Iran National Heritage List on 12 September 2008. As mentioned earlier, fire is used for purification and is the symbol of the Zoroastrian religion; hence, the Zoroastrian followers disagreed with this decision because they believed that the presence of visitors disturbs the tranquillity and purity of the temple.
The visitors’ persistence maximized the opportunity to visit some parts of the temple, and it became a place for gathering Zoroastrian followers and people interested in Iran’s traditions and architecture. Be alert that you can only observe the fire behind a special glass in that the breath of Man is not as pure as the sacred fire, which may ruin its purity.
What Is Atash Bahram?
Atash Bahram is one of the nine sacred fires in the world; one of them is burning in the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yard, and the remaining fires are flaming in the Indian temples. Atash Bahram is interpreted as the Fire of Victory and is united with the god of war and victory, which protects the world and creatures, facilitates actions, fights evils, and brings order to life.
Atash Bahram is made of 16 kinds of fire, such as fire from a shepherd, fire from an ironsmith, fire from an ascetic, and fire from trades. According to the discovered documents, Atash Bahram was burning in a significant fire temple during the Sassanian Era; however, the fire guards had to move it to other temples due to the attack of invaders.
The sacred fire was concealed for two centuries, and finally, Reza Shahs ordered the construction of the Yazd Varaham Fire Temple in 1934. The person responsible for protecting the sacred fire is named Herbad, who adds some pieces of wood to flourish the fire.
The Architecture of Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd
The experts have assessed the fire temples and concluded that they had been made simply without ornaments, and the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd is not an exception. The eye-catching building of the temple resembles the Persian fire temples in India, although it benefits from the specific architectural elements of desert cities.
Height green trees surround Yazd Varaham Fire Temple, and eight stairs navigate you toward the main entrance. The yard has a circular pool filled with visitors’ coins. The fire and the collection of water are positioned parallel, which signifies the importance of these elements in Zoroastrianism.
The breathtaking feature of the temple is the employment of the magnificent Fravashi statue, symbolizing the art of Isfahan artists; the designers of Yazd took the responsibility of tiling the figure. The interior parts of the temple are decorated with Zoroaster images and some sentences of Avesta.
Complementary Points Concerning Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd
Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd has a cistern below Varjavand Hall; you must descend the stairs to visit this Ab Anbar(cistern). The hallway helps you become familiar with ceremonies of Iran, such as Nowrouz, the Zoroastrian prayers, and observe the notable clothes of the Zoroastrian people. The walls are decorated with photographs illustrating the rituals of Zoroastrianism.
Varjavand Hall is located in the temple and was restored in 2008; Jamshid Amanat made this part of commemorating his wife’s memory and displaying the traditions and customs of Zorostorian followers.
What Are the Best Hotels Near Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd?
If you want to rest in a five-star hotel, do not miss the Persian Safaiyeh Hotel. Dad Hotel is a traditional four-star hotel that invites you to enjoy a memorable night in Yazd. Laleh Hotel is a three-star resting place that displays the traditional architecture of Yazd. Atlas Hotel is a two-star hotel in Yazd that makes you feel comfortable. Almas Yazd Traditional Hotel is a one-star that is close to the temple.
What Are the Close Attractions Near Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd?
Dowlatabad Garden sits among the fantastic attractions in Yazd, and you can join this place after exploring the temple. The garden is 3.5 km away from the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd.
The next spot to see in this desert city is the Yazd Water Museum, named Kolahdoozha Home, which presents thorough information concerning the city’s cistern and underground water channels. The museum is 2 km away from the temple.
Amir Chakhmaq Complex is a historical structure 2.3 km away from the Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd and takes you to the excepting days of the 15th century. Jame Mosque of Yazd, the Historical Context of Yazd, and Khan Square are other attractions in Yazd that you must see.
Frequently Asked Questions
Where Is the Varaham Fire Temple in Yazd?
Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd is situated on Kashani Avenue.
When Is the Yazd Varaham Fire Temple Open?
Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd is open every day, except for the holidays, from 8 to 12 and 17 to 20.
How Much Does It Cost to Visit Yazd Varaham Fire Temple?
To explore this Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Yazd, you must pay 10000T per person.